Central Albania continues to be amazed by archaeological discoveries that increasingly confirm the existence of early Illyrian settlements.
So far many of them have been discovered, but it seems that this is just the tip of the iceberg of what lies in the land of our ancestors.
Such is the case with this Illyrian settlement at the top of Petreshi mountain in Elbasan, where no one has given up. It is completely undiscovered and the premise is that underneath it are rare archaeological treasures.
The country occupies a rare geographical position. From there you can see the Elbasan plain from Krasta in the east to Peqin Kavaja in the west.
To the south lie the plain of Cerrik, Sulova, the Dumres plateau and further on Gramshi, Berat along with Tomorri Mountain, Kuçova, Lushnja Fier and Myzeqe. So it finds no more strategic point to control the two tributaries of the Egnatia line, the main tributary coming from Durres (Dyrrahu) towards Skampis to terminate in Ohrid and Thessaloniki. And the other branch coming from Apollonia to Lushnja through Dumresa and joining Elbasan.
The villagers remember it well. Kasem Kasa, an 85-year-old man from Petresh, says there was a church there until recently. There were even other churches around. He also remembers that when she was young, she came to Elbasan Shefqet Vërlaci.
It has clear stone walls surrounding it, implying that it was a fortified settlement. There are pottery, archaeological remains and artifacts that prove that there used to be life.
And before the state and archaeologists have ranged the trends. Surrounding there are open pits which imply that it is searched for objects, or even for treasures.
Elbasan is one of the important centers of Illyria.
The city itself dates back to the 2nd century BC with the early Illyrian settlements located where today’s Elbasan is. Then the town developed with the construction of Egnatia Road and the town’s fortress. In the second century Elbasan is known as “SKAMPA” and later as “SKAMPINI”. Located at the intersection of North – South and East – West roads, it has served as an important crossing point and an important station, being referred to as an urban, military and bishopric center.
Currently Illyrian settlements have been discovered in Peqin (Claudiana), Bishkek where the St Andrew’s Star has been found that the Scots have flagged. There is also a temple known as the Temple of the Sun (Helios).
Other Illyrian settlements have been found in the Pazhok tumulus in Cerrik, in settlements and fortifications in Shala, Lleshan, Funar etc.
But now the archaeological map of the country, thanks to ABC News, will add to this ancient settlement in Petresh.
A lot of work is needed, but above all, to discover and highlight these values that, apart from our history, can now serve as places for tourism development.