The future of Europe is predicted to be ominous, as the population of the Old Continent is expected to shrink, with Greece in particular being one of the countries that will suffer most from this demographic crisis.
The Vice President of the European Commission for Democracy and Demography, Dubravka Suica, in an interview with the newspaper Ta Nea, said that according to forecasts Greece is one of the countries of the European Union that will have a shrinking population.
According to the Commission, Greece ranks among the countries that will see a “contraction of 21% -27% of the population”, estimating that in 2070 only 8.5 million people will live in Greece.
However, this situation is not about the near or distant future, but it has already begun to appear in the present.
According to official ELSTAT data, the country’s population has already shrunk, as on January 1, 2020 the population was 10,718,565 inhabitants (5,215,488 men and 5,503,077 women), when last year there were 10,724,599 inhabitants.
At the same time, according to UN data, the population shrinkage of Greece in 2020 will reach 0.48%.
This percentage means 50,401 fewer Greeks. Which means that every month the population in 2020 will shrink by 4200 citizens or 138 less every day or about 6 citizens less every hour.
In other words, by 2020, Lamia will no longer have residents.
Dubravka Suica is expected to present the plan, the European Union to stimulate population growth and agriculture.
As she explains to Nea, the “long-term vision for rural areas” that she will present next June seeks to create a new dynamic in these areas. “To implement them, not only for residents, but also for newcomers, young families, businesses, innovative agencies, entrepreneurs.
She recalls that about 100 million Europeans live in rural areas.
The role of migration
According to ELSTAT data, net migration is estimated at 34,439 inhabitants, which corresponds to the difference between 129,459 migrants coming from other countries and 95,020 migrants leaving the country.
In 2018, net migration was estimated at 16,440 people (119,489 migrants who had entered the country and 103,049 migrants who had left).
The above data complete the picture of the demographic decline of Greece, while the population contraction reaches 40,473 inhabitants, 34,439 who entered the country offset the negative change resulting in 124,101 victims and 83,628 births within Greek territory.
If we analyze the UN data, we notice that the population shrank in 2010.
To understand the difference, this loss corresponds to three times the population of Heraklion (153,653), or 60% of the population of Thessaloniki (789,191).
Speaking of demographics, we can not fail to mention Turkey, which not only enjoys a large number of young people compared to its elderly, but also has seen a population increase of 909,452 inhabitants reaching 84,339,067.