Which Are The Best Dividend-Paying Stocks?
By yield, the best dividend-paying stocks as of Nov. 1 include:

Enbridge (ENB) — 5.99% dividend yield
AT&T (T) — 5.24% dividend yield
AbbVie (ABBV) — 5.24% dividend yield
TC Energy (TRP) — 4.44% dividend yield
Verizon Communications (VZ) — 4.07% dividend yield
Enbridge, AT&T and AbbVie are at the top of Investor’s Business Daily’s Dividend Leaders list. You can see the updated list each day by going to Data Tables in the Stock Lists section of Investors.com. Those three companies have annual dividend growth rates of 13%, 2% and 21%, respectively.

The REIT Leaders stock list and the Utility Leaders stock list — both updated each day at IBD Data Tables — also offer investors a fast, easy-to-use list of companies with strong dividend yields and stable earnings. The Income Investor column highlights stocks in these lists plus Dividend Leaders.

What Is A Dividend?
To understand a dividend, you must first understand why investors buy stocks. Shareholders of a company are guaranteed two rights. They can help elect a board of directors to run a company, and they are entitled to a share of that company’s profits.

IBD’s flagship screen of leading growth stocks gives you 50 companies showing strong relative price strength and top-notch fundamentals.
So, if a company declares a 25-cent quarterly dividend and you own 100 shares of that company, you will receive a $25 payment. If that payment remains consistent for a year, you would be paid $100 just for owning those 100 shares.

There are several types of payouts: Ordinary, stock and special/extraordinary. Ordinary is the most common, according to online brokerage E-Trade Financial (ETFC). Some companies may conserve cash by making payments in the form of additional shares of stock.

In uncommon cases, a company can make a special or extraordinary payout. During unusually profitable years, companies can announce a special, one-time payment to distribute additional cash or stock.

How Does A Dividend Work?
You buy a certain number of a company’s shares. For example, let’s say you own 100 shares of Chevron (CVX) stock.
The company announces it will pay out a quarterly dividend. In the case of Chevron, the oil giant said on July 24 it would hand out $1.19 per share to all holders of common stock.
To determine your share of profits, multiply the dividend by the number of shares you own. In this example, you would receive a quarterly payment of $119.
A company will generally send a check, or make a payment to your brokerage account.
Some companies offer what’s called a dividend reinvestment program, or DRIP. This allows you to reinvest the payment back into the company’s stock, sometimes at a discount.
When Does A Company Make A Payout?
There are several important dates to keep in mind when determining whether to buy a dividend stock. In the Chevron case, the company said it would make the payment to shareholders of record as of Feb. 15. That means anyone who owned the stock as of that date received a payout.

E-Trade Financial notes the record date is important for stock buyers and sellers alike. The ex-dividend date is a business day before the record date. Then, an investor can buy a stock but won’t receive the most recent payout. To compensate for this, the cost to buy a share is usually reduced.

On the flip side, if you’re looking to sell — but still want to get the most recent quarterly payout — you must wait until the ex-dividend date to do so.

How Do You Calculate The Yield?
You can calculate the annualized dividend yield by dividing the annual payout by the stock price. So, if Chevron’s quarterly payout of $1.19 remains consistent for all of 2019, the company will end up paying $4.76 per share in dividends for the year.

Chevron stock trades around 118. Chevron has an annualized yield of around 4%. That far exceeds the 1.9% yield for the S&P 500, as noted each day in the General Market Indicator Charts feature at Investors.com. (You can see the General Market Indicator Charts webpage in The Big Picture column too.)

Understanding a dividend’s yield helps to level the playing field to account for high-dollar stock prices or payouts of unusually high dividends.

Dividend.com says the highest-yielding dividends often come from basic materials stocks — like oil and gas, metals, chemicals, construction and wood/paper products — followed by financial stocks. On average, they yield 4.96% and 4.18%, respectively.

It’s important to keep an eye on unusually high yields as that can be a marker the payout isn’t sustainable.